After many votes, the House of Representatives chose Jefferson, and soon thereafter the amendment was speedily approved.
Things, the pundit class proclaims, will never be the same. But an even bigger story concerns the nature of the chamber the Republicans have just captured. Although California has the same number of votes as Wyoming, its population, currently at One Californian thus has 1.
Since a majority of Americans now live in just nine states, they wind up with just eighteen votes while the minority holds eighty-two, a ratio of better than four to one.
The same goes for treaties, which also require two-thirds approval. The upshot is one of the most cockeyed systems of minority rule in history, one that allows tiny coteries to hold the entire country ransom until their demands are met.
Congress is hardly the only bicameral legislature on earth. And yet the problem is almost completely invisible. Not unexpectedly, equal state representation also turns out to be racially unrepresentative. Non-whites wind up hugely short-changed as a consequence.
Yet while minority leaders have plenty to say about individual senators, they seem to have nothing to say about the institutionalized racism of the Senate as a whole.
Other groups are also penalized.
Although women are not affected in the same way since their population is evenly distributed, issues like abortion and equal pay are hardly well served by an arrangement that multiplies the power of rural conservatives.
The same goes for socialists, labor unions, health-care activists, conservationists, and others. All suffer under an exclusionary system that deprives progressive city dwellers of their rightful representation.
Yet all are strangely acquiescent. What can be the reason for such passivity? Any attempt at an answer requires a journey into the depths of American constitutionalism.
As every political science student knows, Roger Sherman, a lawyer, shopkeeper, and surveyor turned politician, put forward his famous Connecticut Compromise midway through the Constitutional Convention in an effort to assuage fears that small states were about to be swamped by giants like Virginia and New York.
But that was not all the compromise entailed. It also required that the upper house be at least as powerful as the lower to ensure that state interests would be adequately protected, as well as modifications to the amending clause to see to it that the arrangement would be effectively immune to popular pressure.
This was enough to render the Senate all but untouchable back in when Delaware was less than a twelfth the size of Virginia. But as the number of states has grown and population disparities have widened, the guarantees have only grown more ironclad.
Today, a demographic microstate like Wyoming derives so much benefit from the system that the chances of it ever saying yes to reform approach zero. The very idea is unspeakable. But the problem involves not only specific legal impediments, but the very nature of the Constitution and its place in larger society.
Americans think of their Constitution as a document towering over society, hardly surprising since it preceded the nation and essentially gave rise to it, a process that continued through the Civil War and even after. Americans view this as perfectly natural. After all, the Constitution created the federal government, which then laid the basis for the first stirrings of a unified society.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. INTRODUCTION. The United States is - by size of electorate - the second largest democracy on the globe (India is the largest and Indonesia comes third) and the most powerful nation on earth, politically, economically and militarily, but its political system is in many . The Constitution of the United States The authoritative reference with expert, clause-by-clause analysis. Full Text of the Constitution.
But elsewhere the process was different. Beginning in the spring ofthe French convened the first national assembly, issued the Declaration of the Rights of Man, and stormed the Bastille, all without drafting a constitution until more than two years later.
The Constitution gave rise to the nation in America, the nation gave rise to the constitution in France. As a result, the American nation was above the Constitution in one instance and below it in another.
The Constitution established the people as sovereign and non-sovereign in virtually the same breath. It is tempting to dismiss the results as little more than a muddle.The Congress of the United States consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives which means the USA is bi-cambial.
The Congress of the United States was created by Article I, Section 1, of the Constitution, adopted by the Constitutional Convention on September 17, The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.
Coordinates. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At million square miles ( million km 2), the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area and slightly smaller than the entire.
The vice president of the United States serves as the president of the Senate, though he can vote only in instances where there is a tie.
In his absence, the president pro tempore—generally the longest-serving member from the majority party—is the presiding officer of the Senate.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States. The composition and powers of the Senate are established by Article One of the United States Constitution.
Education in the United States is provided by the public kaja-net.com federal, state and local governments control and give funds to help local kaja-net.com education is available everywhere in the United States.