India was under British colonial rule from till
Although no one can doubt that almost years of British rule in India had a profound effect on Indian culture, economy, politics and the Indian society as a whole, I now seek to determine the extent of their colonial dominance and if India really benefitted from it. Firstly, on the economic front, the new economic structure brought by the British in the 18th century was a form of "plunder" and a catastrophe for the traditional economy of Mughal India.
The British were guilty of depleting the food and money stocks and of imposing high taxes that resulted in the terrible famine ofwhich killed a third of the people of Bengal. The British argue that their takeover did not make any sharp break with the past, which largely delegated control to regional Mughal rulers and sustained a generally prosperous economy for the rest of the 18th century.
But the reality is that the British seized power by brute force and impoverished all of India. The same cannot be said though, about the ideological impact of the British. India has maintained such central British institutions as democracy, parliamentary government, universal adult franchise and the rule of law through the judiciary.
They retained as well the institutional arrangements of the Raj such as district administration, universities and stock exchanges. They promoted education, which led to the emergence of the middle class in the Indian society. As a result of this, we Indians are noticeably more liberal in our thinking.
Unintentionally, they also helped in forging a spirit of unity and nationalism, by fostering common hatred against them. But, probably the most important of these impacts was the one they had on the political structure of pre-Independence India.
Seeing as the Indians were numerically superior, the British devised an ingenious plan to take advantage of the unstable balance of power in the subcontinent. The effects of the Partition of Bengal and of India can be felt even today. They recruited Indians to aid them in their conquest and thus, gulfed the difference in numerical strength.
After that, it was easy to pick off one province after another. The technological superiority also gave them an advantage over the antiquated Indians.
But the telecommunications network, the railway, postal service and various infrastructural advancements they developed in India were for their own benefit.
In the end, though, a lot of questions are left unasked and unanswered. Would we have reached the same economic, cultural and ideological standard that we have presently?
Would we have been a power to be reckoned with were it not for the Partition?the transport and communication system in the country to facilitate the easy transfer a long era of British political control over India began.
The Battle of Plassey was won by the English in Bengal. The British made Mir Jafar, the new Nawab of Bengal, in return for which they receive Impact of British Rule on India: Economic, Social. The British Imperialism had a positive impact on India. When they had conquered India in , India was not subjected to the influences of the western world, except for trade with the Greeks.
THey ruled through the East India Company. THE POSITIVE IMPACT OF BRITISH RULE ON INDIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM The Education system brought in by the Britishers can be seen to have a certain positive impact on the Indian society.
The advancements brought helped modernise the mind set and helped ,Economic and Political Weekly,Vol. 23, No. 22 (May 28, ), pp. Contribution and Impact of British Rule on India Article shared by: The British rule in India for about years left behind it some permanent imprint in the socio-economic, political and .
It took time to spread it all over India.
Impact in the area of transport and communication: The East India Company was primarily a trading concern. Commercial interests guided British policy in India.
Though the Company’s political domination increased, its trading interests were never lost sight of. Hindu and muslim despots ruled the country.
British rule,miller felt, could civilize India. Finally,he thought, the period of India before British arrived on its shores was a period of darkness.