Monday, 1 August Sociology of crime and deviance essay This is a essay that i used for my Access to higher education diploma in social work course; it is also similar to the A level sociology course.
Monday, 1 August Sociology of crime and deviance essay This is a essay that i used for my Access to higher education diploma in social work course; it is also similar to the A level sociology course. Please do not copy this essay, it is for informational purposes only and it has not been proof read or corrected.
Also being discussed will be crime statics and how accurate these are and some issues with these statistics and crime and the media will be discussed and the impact media has on the public perception of crime. Also the sociological theories of functionalism and Marxism will be discussed in particular, the functionalist perspective that deviance is essential to society and the Marxist view that deviance is a result of the economic environment.
Physiological or biological theory's is that some individuals are more likely to be involved in crime and deviance because of their genetic makeup and that they have inherited these qualities. Criticisms of these theories are with the development of science there are very limited scientific evidence of this theory.
Another critique is that behaviour that may result from biological causes does not necessarily lead to criminal acts and their is little link between biological factors and crime.
Psychological theory is that they define deviants as different and abnormal from the rest of the population, but also see the deviant as someone who is sick and in need of help rather than someone who is bad.
Psychologist John Bolwby believed that deviance was not inherited but was the result of early childhood and a lack of maternal bond. Many sociologists have disregarded these theories because of the methods of study and because the lack of cohesion within the psychological community on the development of personality characteristics.
Another criticism is the issue of the effect that childhood has on an individual for the rest of their lives, many sociologists believe that an individual is not doomed because of what happened in their early life, but believe that other factors later in life can also affect an individual.
The functionalist perspective on deviance is that society as a whole is responsible not just the individual.
What the functionalist theory seems to ignore is the negative affects crime can have on the victim and the criminal and who the laws which are the outcome of deviance benefit. Traditional Marxists view on deviance is that deviance is a result of economic factors and the proletariat's are forced to commit crime to survive and most laws are there to protect the bourgeoisie's property and that in a communist society there would be no crime.
The problem with this perspective it is a rather simplistic view and there are many factors that influence crime, not just economic factors and this is ignored by the Marxist's.
Another problem with this perspective is that in a communist society there would be no crime; but history has shown that this did not work in the USSR,China or Cuba.
Police, courts and other government agency's provide the statistics which is the basis for many theories of crime.
In the UK there is a constant pattern of who commits crime and in what area. The official statistics report that members of minority's as well as young men are most likely to be involved in crime.
Many sociological accept the statistics as valid data, but there are some problems with this.
Firstly there is a large number of unreported crime that will never make it into the official statistics, so the official statistics can not be regarded as the complete picture. Another issue is that some official statistics have been accused of bias, there have been self report studies by the criminals that suggest they may be a bias against working class criminalswhere as middle class criminals tend to get lesser sentences and better treatment The perception of crime has been greatly affected the media, although overall crime has reducedthe reports of crime in the media has greatly increased.
And sociologists have found the people's fear of crime is directly related to how much time they spend watching TV of listening to the radio. This shows how the Media can over exaggerate and even fabricate statistics, causing fear form the public.
Another example of media affecting the public view on crime is that of crime by black offenders, crimes by black offenders were widely reported in the media, but other factors other than the criminals race were not, factors such as unemployment and social factors were not reporting leading some members of the public to believe that the problem was the criminals race and disregard other factors.
There are many misconceptions about crime and deviance, mainly in the factors which cause these problems. The problem is that common ideas of who commits crime and why and how often is often misunderstood because of media attention and misleading official statistics.
Another debate is where it is biological or psychological factors which are the cause of crime and deviance and most sociologists would say neither, as even though in early days of sociology is was widely believed that is was biology which effected crime and deviance with advances in science is has now widely been dis proven.
And psychologically factors are thought to be more complex issues rather then it just being a result of early childhood. Bibliography Haralombos, M, Holborn, M.Crime and Deviance from a Sociological and Psychological assessment: The sociology of deviance is the sociological study of deviant behavior, or the recognized violation of 3, Words | 13 Pages Analyse Sociological Contributions to Our Understanding of Relationships Between Crime, Deviance and one of the Following: Ethnicity, Social /5(1).
Crime and deviance constitute a classic pathology within societies which has led to a variety of responses at political and societal level.
This essay will explore crime the cause of crime and deviance with two theories, the labelling theory and biological theory. More about Essay on Deviance and Society. + Popular Essays.
The Rise of. Crime statistics exist entirely to measure levels of crime inside society; so, the purpose of this essay is to illustrate whether or not the statistical data on crime and deviance provides a true measurement of criminal occurrences in British society.
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According to . Hence the difference of cultures and norms between societies, groups, classes bring difference in societal expectations. Other scholars are of the view that crime and deviance emanate from social reaction, strain caused by the society, social transformation and interaction just to mention a few.
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