Sociodemographic Characteristics of the Patient Sample Data Collection In-depth individual interviews were used to capture the richness and nuances of experiences, with a focus on participant perspectives. The interview guide Supplemental appendix, available at http:
Teaching and learning styles are, by their very nature, changing and in recent years there has been a noticeable move from lecture-based activities towards more student-centred activities.
Case studies are an increasingly popular form of teaching and have an important role in developing skills and knowledge in students.
This guide explores the use of the case-based approach to support engineering education and, more specifically, their role in Materials Science related Higher Education courses. This will include looking at the 'traditional' Materials Science and Engineering courses as well as the more multidisciplinary courses e.
This guide highlights the good practice we have identified, and also discusses our experiences both good and bad of the adoption and implementation of this type of learning activity.
We hope that by explaining our rationale for the adoption of case studies, and by discussing their development and structure, you will be encouraged to consider your own teaching methods and whether this approach, or aspects of it, is appropriate to you.
At the end of the guide are 5 examples of case studies that illustrate some of the different topics discussed below. Perspective adopted In this guide, we consider the topic of case studies in its entirety. We begin by outlining our reasons for incorporating case studies into the teaching syllabus and then look at different aspects of case studies, including subject choice and content development, running and structuring of case studies, and assessment methods.
Good practice, and examples of ideas that have been tried and found wanting, are discussed. Gaining feedback on our case studies from both students and staff has been an important aspect of our research and this is also reviewed. What Is a Case Study?
It is now documented that students can learn more effectively when actively involved in the learning process Bonwell and Eison, ; Sivan et al, The case study approach is one way in which such active learning strategies can be implemented in our institutions.
There are a number of definitions for the term case study. For example, Fry et al describe case studies as complex examples which give an insight into the context of a problem as well as illustrating the main point.
We define our case studies as student centred activities based on topics that demonstrate theoretical concepts in an applied setting. This definition of a case study covers the variety of different teaching structures we use, ranging from short individual case studies to longer group-based activities.
Examples of different styles of case studies are given at the end of this guide. It is at this point that it is important to make a distinction between this type of learning and problem-based learning.
The structure and format of our case studies can be likened to project-based learning as described by Savin-Baden Savin-Baden highlights the differences between problem-based learning and project-based learning and these can be summarised as follows: Project-based Learning Predominantly task orientated with activity often set by tutor Problems usually provided by staff but what and how they learn defined by students Tutor supervises Tutor facilitates Students are required to produce a solution or strategy to solve the problem Solving the problem may be part of the process but the focus is on problem-management, not on a clear and bounded solution May include supporting lectures which equip students to undertake activity, otherwise students expected to draw upon knowledge from previous lectures Lectures not usually used on the basis that students are expected to define the required knowledge needed to solve the problem Table 1: Differences and similarities between project-based learning similar in structure to case study learning and problem based learning.
In practice there is overlap between the two teaching modes and we should not worry too much about clear distinctions.
Many of the discussion points in this guide will be relevant to both case studies and problem-based learning topics. Why Use Case Studies in Teaching? The discipline of Materials Science and Engineering is ideal for using case study teaching because of the wealth of practical, real life examples that can be used to contextualise the theoretical concepts.
Educational research has shown case studies to be useful pedagogical tools. Grant outlines the benefits of using case studies as an interactive learning strategy, shifting the emphasis from teacher-centred to more student-centred activities.
Raju and Sanker demonstrate the importance of using case studies in engineering education to expose students to real-world issues with which they may be faced.
Case studies have also been linked with increased student motivation and interest in a subject Mustoe and Croft, In our experience of using case studies, we have found that they can be used to: Allow the application of theoretical concepts to be demonstrated, thus bridging the gap between theory and practice.Gender Training Pack of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies 1 Gender perspectives A collection of case studies for training purposes.
Guidelines for the Evaluation and Treatment of Dissociative Symptoms in Children and AdolescentsISSD Task Force on Children and Adolescents. “Rashinsha’s Experience” is an introductory case study. It was designed to provide a broad overview of the TEFT.
It demonstrates the way a monitoring and evaluation officer might first hear about, get to know, and start using the six steps and tools. Mohamed Amin on “Yet another excellent course. Very informative and practical.” – Making the Business Case – Cambridge Dear David, Thank you for yet another thought stimulating course.
I was very impressed by your approach on the course last year, hence attended again. They also include real world case studies to demonstrate best practise in terms of training and training evaluation.
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