The Supreme Court — Essay Sample The Supreme Court of the United States is considered to be the last word on legal decisions, being highly selective about which cases it chooses to consider. It only accepts cases that have been through the lower courts and appeals processes until there are no other options and no satisfactory resolution to the issue at hand.
Currently, there are nine Justices on the Court. Before taking office, each Justice must be appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Justices hold office during good behavior, typically, for life.
The Constitution states that the Supreme Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction. Original jurisdiction means that the Supreme Court is the first, and only, Court to hear a case.
The Constitution limits original jurisdiction cases to those involving disputes between the states or disputes arising among ambassadors and other high-ranking ministers. Appellate jurisdiction means that the Court has the authority to review the decisions of lower courts.
Most of the cases the Supreme Court hears are appeals from lower courts. Writs of Certiorari Parties who are not satisfied with the decision of a lower court must petition the U.
Supreme Court to hear their case. The primary means to petition the court for review is to ask it to grant a writ of certiorari. This is a request that the Supreme Court order a lower court to send up the record of the case for review. In fact, the Court accepts of the more than 7, cases that it is asked to review each year.
Typically, the Court hears cases that have been decided in either an appropriate U.
Court of Appeals or the highest Court in a given state if the state court decided a Constitutional issue. The Supreme Court has its own set of rules. According to these rules, four of the nine Justices must vote to accept a case. Five of the nine Justices must vote in order to grant a stay, e.
Under certain instances, one Justice may grant a stay pending review by the entire Court. Law Clerks Each Justice is permitted to have between three and four law clerks per Court term.
These are individuals who, fairly recently, graduated from law school, typically, at the top of their class from the best schools. Often, they have served a year or more as a law clerk for a federal judge.
Among other things, they do legal research that assists Justices in deciding what cases to accept; help to prepare questions that the Justice may ask during oral arguments; and assist with the drafting of opinions. The participating Justices divide their petitions among their law clerks.
The law clerks, in turn, read the petitions assigned to them, write a brief memorandum about the case, and make a recommendation as to whether the case should be accepted or not.The most common way to find information about a case is to review the case’s docket -- a list of all of the filings and rulings in that case, arranged in chronological order.
The docket also includes links to electronic images of most filings submitted to the court after November 13, United States Supreme Court Cases.
Welcome to FindLaw's searchable database of U.S. Supreme Court decisions since Supreme Court opinions are browsable by year and U.S. Reports volume number, and are searchable by party name, case title, citation, full text and docket number.
The most common way to find information about a case is to review the case’s docket -- a list of all of the filings and rulings in that case, arranged in chronological order.
The docket also includes links to electronic images of most filings submitted to the court after November 13, The Supreme Court's ruling on President Obama's Affordable Care Act is just one decision in a long line of controversial cases.
TIME takes a . Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes was traveling by train to Washington, D.C., one morning nearly a century ago when a conductor asked for his ticket.
Holmes searched high and low for it until the conductor reassured him, “Don’t worry about your ticket, Mr. Holmes. The words that are written above the entrance to the Court, EQUAL JUSTICE UNDER LAW, describe the most significant responsibility of the Supreme Court: it is the highest court in the nation for any and all disputes arising under the Constitution or the laws of the United States.