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February 2, Article summaries The Articles of Confederation contain a preamblethirteen articles, a conclusionand a signatory section. Under the Articles, the states retained sovereignty over all governmental functions not specifically relinquished to the national Congress, which was empowered to make war and peace, negotiate diplomatic and commercial agreements with foreign countries, and to resolve disputes between the states.
The document also stipulates that its provisions "shall be inviolably observed by every state" and that " the Union shall be perpetual ". Summary of the purpose and content of each of the 13 articles: Establishes the name of the confederation with these words: If a crime is committed in one state and the perpetrator flees to another state, he will be extradited to and tried in the state in which the crime was committed.
Allocates one vote in the Congress of the Confederation the "United States in Congress Assembled" to each state, which is entitled to a delegation of between two and seven members.
Members of Congress are to be appointed by state legislatures. No congressman may serve more than three out of any six years.
Only the central government may declare war, or conduct foreign political or commercial relations. No state or official may accept foreign gifts or titles, and granting any title of nobility is forbidden to all.
No states may form any sub-national groups. No state may tax or interfere with treaty stipulations already proposed. No state may wage war without permission of Congress, unless invaded or under imminent attack on the frontier; no state may maintain a peacetime standing army or navy, unless infested by pirates, but every State is required to keep ready, a well-trained, disciplined, and equipped militia.
Whenever an army is raised for common defense, the state legislatures shall assign military ranks of colonel and below. Expenditures by the United States of America will be paid with funds raised by state legislatures, and apportioned to the states in proportion to the real property values of each.
Powers and functions of the United States in Congress Assembled. Grants to the United States in Congress assembled the sole and exclusive right and power to determine peace and war; to exchange ambassadors; to enter into treaties and alliances, with some provisos; to establish rules for deciding all cases of captures or prizes on land or water; to grant letters of marque and reprisal documents authorizing privateers in times of peace; to appoint courts for the trial of pirates and crimes committed on the high seas; to establish courts for appeals in all cases of capturesbut no member of Congress may be appointed a judge; to set weights and measures including coinsand for Congress to serve as a final court for disputes between states.
The court will be composed of jointly appointed commissioners or Congress shall appoint them. Each commissioner is bound by oath to be impartial.
Congress shall regulate the post offices; appoint officers in the military; and regulate the armed forces. The United States in Congress assembled may appoint a president who shall not serve longer than one year per three-year term of the Congress.Oct 23, · Popular articles, stories & photos from the Los Angeles Times news archives, including an extensive archive and timeline that can be browsed by date, keyword and writer.
Small Business Saturday is a day that encourages consumers to shop small and local, and helps small business owners shore up their profits before the end of the year. November 21, | Article.
Nov 06, · Find new ideas and classic advice for global leaders from the world's best business and management experts. May 14, · Different situations call for different types of business plans.
An effective business plan will match its intended use. Knowing the specific use of a particular type of plan will help you build a better roadmap for the future of your business.4/5(41).
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