Virginia, however, was unable to attack Minnesota before daylight faded. That day Buchanan was severely wounded in the leg and was relieved of command by Catesby ap Roger Jones. Many were now concerned Virginia would put to sea and begin bombarding cities such as New York while others feared she would ascend the Potomac River and attack Washington.
Blog Battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac Virginia At the outbreak of the American Civil War, the navies of the world still relied primarily on wooden ships. On April 20,Union forces at the Norfolk Naval Yard scuttled a federal frigate, the Merrimac, in order to keep it out of enemy hands.
The ship, whose name was sometimes spelled "Merrimack," was later raised by Confederate forces and rechristened the CSS Virginia. The vessel underwent major renovations, including removal of the superstructure above the waterline and the construction of a slanted top prompting some observers to compare the ship to a floating barn roof.
Eight inches of iron sheeting was applied to the exterior. Ten pound cannons were installed as well as a massive battering ram on the bow. The craft was extremely long and cumbersome to maneuver, requiring almost a mile to turn around.
Her commander was Captain Franklin Buchanan. The Union forces were aware of the Confederate ship and looked for counter measures. A design by John Ericsson was approved and the name "Monitor" adopted. Built on Long Island at Greenpoint, she had a displacement of almost a thousand tons and a length of feet.
It was a strange-looking vessel, presenting only a flat deck topped by a 9-foot by foot revolving turret which housed two guns. The majority of the crew was stationed below the waterline.
The initial performance of the Monitor was not impressive.
On Mar. 9, , the Civil War naval battle between the USS Monitor (Union) and the CSS Merrimack (Confederacy) took place. Known as the Battle of Hampton Roads, this engagement was history’s first duel between ironclad warships. Battle of Mobile Bay: A summary of the Battle of Mobile Bay from August 5 to 23, CSS Virginia (USS Merrimack) was the first ironclad built by the Confederate States Navy and took part in the historic Battle of Hampton Roads.
After an unsuccessful harbor trial on February 27,she put out to sea on March 3 under the command John L. Worden, but was forced to return due to rudder problems.
On March 6, she set out again from New York City, this time towed by a tug. Hampton Roads is the a channel through which the waters of three rivers, the James, Nansemond and Elizabeth, flow into Chesapeake Bay. On the northern side is Newport News and on the south are Norfolk and Portsmouth. On March 8, the Virginia ventured into these waters off Newport News, Virginiaand attacked a number of federal wooden vessels, destroying two and running another, the Minnesota, aground.
The victory was not without cost to the Virginia, as the cast iron ram attached to the prow broke off when it rammed the Cumberland and two of its guns lost their muzzles.
Following its triumph, the ironclad returned to port. If not halted, the Virginia would have destroyed the Union blockade in a matter of a few weeks.
That night, however, the Monitor reached Hampton Roads. On the following day, the Monitor, made its appearance.
Never before had two ironclad vessels engaged in naval battle. The ships engaged one another off Hampton Roads in a four-hour battle. The two ships passed each other repeatedly, firing at close range. Due to the poor training of both crews, much of the fire was to no effect.
The Monitor was faster and more maneuverable, but was limited to one shot every seven or eight minutes. After a couple of hours, the Monitor entered shallower waters into which the larger Virginia could not follow, in order to replenish the supply of ammunition in its turret.
The Virginia took the opportunity to do further damage to the Minnesota, which was still aground. The Virginia itself then went aground at the same time that the Monitor was returning to the fray.
After some difficulty, the Virginia freed itself and headed for deeper water with the Monitor in pursuit.The CSS Virginia: Sink Before Surrender (Civil War Series) [John V.
Quarstein] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. When the CSS Virginia (Merrimack) slowly steamed down the Elizabeth River toward Hampton Roads on March 8, The battle that waged on March 9, , between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, formerly the USS Merrimack, is one of the most revolutionary naval battles in world kaja-net.com until that point, all naval battles had been waged between wooden ships.
This was the first battle in maritime history that two ironclad ships waged war. The Monitor and the Merrimac had a battle near Hampton Roads, Virginia, on 9 March It was the first fight between ironclad ships of the Civil War ~ captured in this painting from Currier & Ives.
On March 9, , the Civil War battle of Hampton Roads between the ironclads USS Monitor and CSS Virginia (formerly the USS Merrimack) heralded the beginning of a new era in naval warfare. Though indecisive, the battle marked the change from wood and sail to iron and steam.
Ironclad: The Epic Battle, Calamitous Loss and Historic Recovery of the USS Monitor [Paul Clancy] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The small, ungainly iron ship may have saved the union. Then in a vicious winter storm, it plunged into the depths of the Atlantic. Construction started Thursday on the first of the Navy’s new class of fleet replenishment oiler, the future USNS John Lewis.