Instead, you will find a few of the more important weapons used during the war and a small description of each. Additionally, the guerilla nature of the Viet Cong troops and the non-uniformity of many North Vietnamese forces makes it difficult to speak of their equipment in comparison to the United States.
Summary of the Vietnam War: For this reason, in Vietnam today it is known as the American War. It was a direct result of the First Indochina War — between France, which claimed Vietnam as a colony, and the communist forces then known as Viet Minh.
It ended with communist victory in April The Vietnam War was the longest in U. The war was extremely divisive in the U. Casualties in the Vietnam War The U. Casualties for the Republic of South Vietnam will never be adequately resolved.
Low estimates calculatecombat KIA and a half-million wounded. Civilian loss of life was also very heavy, with the lowest estimates aroundSimilarly, casualty totals among the VC and NVA and the number of dead and wounded civilians in North Vietnam cannot be determined exactly.
Civilian deaths during that time period were estimated at 2 million, but the U. China conquered the northern part of modern Vietnam in BC and retained control until AD; it continued to exert some control over the Vietnamese until Originally, Vietnam ended at the 17th parallel, but it gradually conquered all the area southward along the coastline of the South China Sea and west to Cambodia.
Population in the south was mostly clustered in a few areas along the coast; the north always enjoyed a larger population. The two sections were not unlike North and South in the United States prior to the Civil War; their people did not fully trust each other.
Before the s, the French controlled Vietnam. In the early 20th century, Vietnamese nationalism began to rise, clashing with the French colonial rulers. The French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu inleading to negotiations that ended with the Geneva Agreements, July 21, Under those agreements, Cambodia and Laos—which had been part of the French colony—received their independence.
Vietnam, however, was divided at the 17th parallel. The division was supposed to be temporary: When the time came, however, Diem resisted the elections; the more populous north would certainly win.
Some 80, Vietnamese from the south had moved to the north after the Geneva Agreements were signed. Ten times as many Vietnamese had fled the north, where the Communist Party was killing off its rivals, seizing property, and oppressing the large Catholic population.
A cadre was drawn from those who went north; they were trained, equipped and sent back to the south to aid in organizing and guiding the insurgency. Some in the North Vietnamese government thought the course of war in the south was unwise, but they were overruled. Although publicly the war in the south was described as a civil war within South Vietnam, it was guided, equipped and reinforced by the communist leadership in Hanoi.
S—feared communist expansion throughout Southeast Asia. The Central Intelligence Agency CIA advised that was not the case—America had a strong military presence in the Pacific that would serve as a deterrent.
A different feeling prevailed among many within the U. The communist takeover of China and subsequent war in Korea against North Korean and Chinese troops had focused a great deal of attention on Southeast Asia as a place to take a strong stand against the spread of communism.Hal Buell, former photography director at the Associated Press, who led their photo operations during the Vietnam War: In all wars, the battlefield medic is often the stopgap between life and death.
May 30, · Of the nearly 1 million Americans who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces during the Vietnam War era (), many were or went on to become famous . At left, a photograph of James E.
Berard with an obituary and a note from Berard’s sister at the Vietnam monument in Washington, DC. The note reads “Jimmy- I have missed you for over 40 years. The New Series on the Vietnam War, and the Mysteries of Historical Resonance In roughly the center of this view of the Pee Dee River in South Carolina is the Snow's Island National Historic Landmark.
Digital History ID Vietnam was the longest war in American history and the most unpopular American war of the 20th century. It resulted in nearly 60, American deaths and in an estimated 2 million Vietnamese deaths.
It was the longest war that the United States fought until are recent one in Afghanistan and the only one that the United States lost. Learn about the major battles and events, as well statistics of the war on this site.