A biography of john whittier

The son of two devout Quakers, he grew up on the family farm and had little formal schooling. He then attended Haverhill Academy from tosupporting himself as a shoemaker and schoolteacher. By the time he was twenty, he had published enough verse to bring him to the attention of editors and readers in the antislavery cause.

A biography of john whittier

As a boy, it was discovered that Whittier was color-blind when he was unable to see a difference between ripe and unripe strawberries.

Whittier himself was not cut out for hard farm labor and suffered from bad health and physical frailty his whole life. Whittier was heavily influenced by the doctrines of his religion, particularly its stress on humanitarianism, compassion, and social responsibility.

Whittier was first introduced to poetry by a teacher. To raise money to attend the school, Whittier became a shoemaker for a time, and a deal was made to pay part of his tuition with food from the family farm.

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Garrison gave Whittier the job of editor of the National Philanthropist, a Boston-based temperance weekly. Shortly after a change in management, Garrison reassigned him as editor of the weekly American Manufacturer in Boston. The poem was mistakenly attributed to Ethan Allen for nearly sixty years.

Whittier acknowledged his authorship in The year was a turning point for Whittier; he resurrected his correspondence with Garrison, and the passionate abolitionist began to encourage the young Quaker to join his cause. InWhittier published the antislavery pamphlet Justice and Expediency, [8] and from there dedicated the next twenty years of his life to the abolitionist cause.

John Greenleaf Whittier - Poet | Academy of American Poets

The controversial pamphlet destroyed all of his political hopes — as his demand for immediate emancipation alienated both northern businessmen and southern slaveholders — but it also sealed his commitment to a cause that he deemed morally correct and socially necessary.

He was a founding member of the American Anti-Slavery Society and signed the Anti-Slavery Declaration ofwhich he often considered the most significant action of his life. From tohe traveled widely in the North, attending conventions, securing votes, speaking to the public, and lobbying politicians.

As he did so, Whittier received his fair share of violent responses, being several times mobbed, stoned, and run out of town.

A biography of john whittier

From tohe was editor of The Pennsylvania Freeman in Philadelphia[9] one of the leading antislavery papers in the North, formerly known as the National Enquirer.

In Maythe publication moved its offices to the newly opened Pennsylvania Hall on North Sixth Street, which was shortly after burned by a pro-slavery mob.

Irish, English. Lou Hoover's paternal great-grandfather William Henry was an immigrant from Ireland. Among other branches of her ancestors were those born in several of the original thirteen New England and Mid-Atlantic colonies; original immigrants and their points of known origin include: John Woolman (Aynhoe, England), Simeon Ellis (Woodale, England) and Joseph Collins (Newport, England. John Greenleaf Whittier was an American poet and abolitionist who, in the latter part of his life, was a household name in both England and the United States. Born in Massachusetts in , John. American poet and writer John Greenleaf Whittier was born on December 17, , near Haverhill, Massachusetts. He grew up on a farm with an extended family, consisting of three siblings--two sisters and a brother--and his mother's sister and his father's brother.

By the end of the s, the unity of the abolitionist movement had begun to fracture. Whittier stuck to his belief that moral action apart from political effort was futile. He knew that success required legislative change, not merely moral suasion.

This opinion alone engendered a bitter split from Garrison, [11] and Whittier went on to become a founding member of the Liberty Party in It is vigorous reality, exerting After his release, Fountain went on a speaking tour and thanked Whittier for writing his story.The publication of his long poem Snow-Bound brought John Greenleaf Whittier popular acclaim and financial security.

But literary success was of secondary importance to him: his priorities were dictated by his Quaker faith and his courageous battle against slavery. THE JOURNAL OF JOHN WOOLMAN With an Appreciation and Notes by John G.

Whittier.

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Development as a poet The farm was fairly large but not particularly profitable, and the family made just enough money to get by.

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John Greenleaf Whittier was born to John and Abigail (Hussey) at their rural homestead near Haverhill, Massachusetts, on December 17, He grew up on the farm in a household with his parents, a brother and two sisters, a maternal aunt and paternal uncle, and a constant flow of visitors and hired hands for the farm.

A biography of john whittier
John Greenleaf Whittier - John Greenleaf Whittier Biography - Poem Hunter